Note: Thoth is a key player in human civilization. He appears many times through different reincarnations.
- Hermes Trismegistus
Thoth, the Egyptian deity, is a prominent figure in ancient Egyptian mythology and religion. Here are some key aspects of Thoth:
Thoth is often depicted as a man with the head of an ibis, an African wading bird. In some representations, he appears as a baboon or a man with a baboon’s head.
He is known as the god of writing, magic, wisdom, and the moon. Thoth was believed to be the scribe of the gods, responsible for keeping the universe in balance. He was also considered the inventor of writing and the patron god of scribes.
Thoth played a crucial role in various Egyptian myths. He is often seen as a mediator in disputes among the gods. In the famous myth of Osiris, Thoth is credited with helping Isis bring Osiris back from the dead. He is also associated with the judgment of the dead, assisting in the weighing of the heart ceremony in the afterlife.
Thoth was venerated in several areas of Egypt, particularly in the city of Khmun (Hermopolis) in Upper Egypt, which was considered his major cult center. His worship persisted for thousands of years throughout Egyptian history.
Thoth’s imagery and attributes influenced other cultures and religions, including Greek, where he was associated with Hermes, leading to the composite deity Hermes Trismegistus in Hermeticism.
Thoth is often associated with the ibis, the baboon, the moon, and writing tools like reed pens and papyrus, symbolizing his connection with writing and knowledge.
In later periods, especially during the Hellenistic era, Thoth became associated with esoteric knowledge, alchemy, and the mysteries of the universe, contributing significantly to the Hermetic texts.
The legacy of Thoth is a testament to the rich and complex mythology of ancient Egypt, reflecting the culture’s deep respect for knowledge, writing, and the workings of the divine.
The Hermopolitan Triad: This included Thoth, Seshat, and their child, Hornub. Thoth was the god of writing and knowledge, Seshat was associated with writing and architecture, and Hornub was a less well-known deity.