Ancient Egypt had a rich and complex relationship with the stars, which played a significant role in their mythology, religion, and culture. The ancient Egyptians were keen observers of the night sky and developed an extensive knowledge of astronomy and astrology, which they used to create a calendar, predict the flood of the Nile, and guide their religious practices.
One of the most important celestial bodies in ancient Egyptian beliefs was the sun, which they worshiped as the god Ra. The movement of the sun across the sky was seen as a representation of the journey of Ra through the afterlife, and the daily sunrise and sunset were marked by rituals and ceremonies.
The stars also played an important role in ancient Egyptian beliefs, particularly the constellation of Orion, which was associated with the god Osiris, the god of the afterlife. The rising of Orion in the night sky was seen as a symbol of rebirth and regeneration, and the constellation was often depicted in funerary art and architecture.
Other important stars in ancient Egyptian beliefs include Sirius, which was associated with the goddess Isis and the annual flooding of the Nile, and the planet Venus, which was associated with the goddess Hathor and fertility.